BODY MASS INDEX (BMI)...

 

Today we commonly estimate whether someone is obese by using the 

Body Mass Index concept. Derived from a mathematical formula, BMI was

created in 1835 by Belgian mathematician Lambert Adolphe Jacques

Quetele. Known as the Quetele Index, BMI takes into account weight and

height, that is, mass (kg) divided by height (m)2.

 

The Body Mass Index however does not include consideration of body

composition (degree of muscularity). This index is most reliable for those

individuals 19 to 70 years of age, some exceptions being those who are

competitive athletes, body builders, pregnant or breast-feeding, or the

chronically ill.

 

BMI ranges can be classified as follows:
 
Weight (Class)
BMI
Underweight
< 18.5
Normal Weight
18.5 – 24.9
Overweight
25.0 - 29.9
Obese I
30.0 – 34.9
Obese II
35.0 – 39.9
Obese III*
40.0 >
 
III* is referred to as Extreme or Morbid Obesity
 

 

Your BMI will be provided and updated as you lose weight. To compute

Body Mass Index yourself you can use any of a number of online

calculators;

 

www.nhlbisupport.com/bmi/ or

www.webmd.com/diet/calc-bmi-plus

 

The table below is relative to an individual with a normal weight and

waist circumference (40” or less for men and 35” or less for women).

The risks are for Diabetes type II, Hypertension, and Cardiovascular

Disease, as well as for those with an increased waist circumference.

 

BMI and Disease Risks:

Weight
BMI
Risk
Inc. Waist
Underwt.
< 18.5
 
 
Normal
18.5–24.9
 
 
Overwt.
25–29.9
Increased
HIGH
Obese I
30-34.9
High
VERY HIGH
Obese II
35–39.9
Very High
VERY HIGH
Obese III*
40.0 >
Extra High
EXTREMELY HIGH

III* is referred to as Extreme or Morbid Obesity

 From the National Heart Lung and Blood Institute

 

“Overweight and obesity are the fifth leading risk for global

deaths. At least 2.8 million adults die each year as a result of

being overweight or obese. In addition, 44% of the diabetes

burden, 23% of the ischaemic heart disease burden and

between 7% and 41% of certain cancer burdens are

attributable to overweight and obesity.” 

http://www.who.int/mediacentre/factsheets/fs311/en/index.html

 

“Relative to normal weight … grades 2 and 3 obesity were

associated with significantly higher all-cause mortality.” 

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/23280227

 

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